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Coffee Board of India Revises 2017-2018 Coffee Crop Estimate
CoffeeNetwork (New York) – According to the latest data from the Coffee Board of India, the final crop estimate based on crop harvest data for the year 2017-18 is placed at 316,000 MT comprising of 95,000 MT of Arabica and 221,000 MT of Robusta. There is a overall decline of 34,400 MT (-9.82%) over the post blossom estimate of 2018-19 (350,400 MT). When compared to final crop of previous year 2016-17, there is a marginal increase of 4000 MT (1.30%). During the year, the Arabica production showed an overall decline of 8,100 MT (-7.86%) and robusta declined by 26,300 MT (-10.63%) over the post blossom crop estimate.
The U.S Department of Agriculture (USDA) report “Coffee: World Markets and Trade”, published in the December, 2017, forecasted India’s coffee production for 2017/18 at 5,600 bags of 60 kg each (3,36,000 MTs) with Arabica production forecast at 1,440 bags (86,400 MTs) and Robusta production forecast at 4,160 bags (2,49,600 MTs)
Among the states, the final estimate for Karnataka is placed at 222,300 MT comprising of 69,025 MT of Arabica and 153,275 MT of Robusta, recording overall decline of 29,460 MT (-11.70%) over the post-blossom estimate of 2017-18. The production of Arabica has declined by 6,275 MT (-8.33%) and Robusta declined by 23,185 MT (-13.14%) over the post blossom estimate. Among the districts, the major loss of about 16,950 MT (Arabica 950 MT and Robusta 16,000 MT) is reported from Kodagu district followed by Chikmagalur district 9,136 MT (Arabica 4,300 MT and Robusta (4,835 MT).
The major factors responsible for reduction in production estimates of 2017-18, mainly in Karnataka state is attributed that though the crop season 2017-18 experienced good blossom showers with multiple blossoms but lack of sufficient backing showers especially for the initial blossoms, coupled with high temperatures resulted poor crop setting particularly in robusta. The growers were unable to take up irrigations to top up the scanty showers especially for backing due to drying up of most of water resources. Further, the previous year 2016-17 was a drought year resulted in low soil moisture levels which led to improper development of berries resulted in low outturn.
In Kerala, which is mainly Robusta coffee producing region, the final estimate of 2017-18 is placed at 65,735 MT with a decline of 2785 MT (-4.06%) over the post blossom estimate (68,520 MT) of 2017-18.
In Tamil Nadu, which is mainly Arabica coffee producing region, the final production of 2017-18 is placed at 17,440 MT which showed a decline of 1,720 MT (-8.98%) over the post blossom estimate (19,160 MT) of 2017-18.
The final crop estimate for the Non-Traditional Areas (NTAs) and North Eastern Region (NER) for the year 2017-18 is placed at 10,525 MT which showed a marginal decline of 435 MT over the post blossom estimate 2017-18.